3.3.12 Customer Margins

Past version: Effective up to 31 Mar 2014

Margins payable by a Clearing Member to the Clearing House shall be governed by the Clearing Rules. For margins applicable to Customers, margin calls and related matters, the following requirements apply:

(a) a Member shall procure Initial Margins from its Customers, and ensure that its Customers comply with Maintenance Margins for such amounts as required by the Clearing House. "Initial Margins" refers to the minimum amount required to be deposited by Customers with a Member for each: (i) open Contract as prescribed by the Clearing House; (ii) open contract traded on an exchange other than the Exchange, as prescribed by the relevant exchange or clearing house; or (iii) new over-the-counter spot trade as prescribed under Rule 3.3.13. "Maintenance Margins" refers to the minimum balance which shall be maintained in a Customer Account subsequent to the deposit of the Initial Margins for that Customer's (i) Open Positions in Contracts as prescribed by the Clearing House, (ii) Open Positions in contracts traded on exchanges other than the Exchange as prescribed by the relevant exchanges or clearing houses; and (iii) unsettled over-the-counter spot trades as prescribed under Rule 3.3.13;
(b) a Member may accept cash, government securities, common stocks, bank certificates of deposit, bank guarantees, bank letters of credit, gold bars, gold certificates and such other instruments as the Clearing House permits from its Customer for meeting the Customer's Initial Margins and Maintenance Margins requirements. Valuation of such instruments shall be in accordance with procedures specified by the Clearing House on the Exchange's website. The following are not acceptable forms of margins under this Rule:
(i) bank guarantees or letters of credit issued by a Customer, or a Customer's Related Corporation, which is a bank, for trades incurred in that Customer Account;
(ii) bank guarantees and letters of credit other than those issued by a bank that holds a valid licence and operates in Singapore under the Banking Act (Cap. 19); and
(iii) currency and financial instruments denominated in currencies which are subject to exchange controls such that they are illegal tender outside the currency's home country, or are restricted by any form of capital controls;
(c) except for trades which reduce the Customer's Maintenance Margins requirements, a Member shall not allow a Customer to incur any new trade, unless:
(i) the minimum Initial Margins for the new trade are deposited or are forthcoming within a reasonable period from the trade date; and
(ii) the Customer's Total Net Equity complies with the Maintenance Margins for its existing Open Positions and unsettled over-the-counter spot trades or additional margins to be posted pursuant to Rule 3.3.12(e) are forthcoming within a reasonable period from the trade date.
For settlement currency denominated in Japanese Yen, 'reasonable period' in this Rule 3.3.12(c) means a period which shall not exceed three (3) Trading Days from the trade date (T+3). For all other settlement currencies, it means a period which shall not exceed two (2) Trading Days from the trade date (T+2);
(d) Excess Margins on all Open Positions and unsettled over-the-counter spot trades of a Customer may be utilised by a Member as Initial Margins on a new position of the same Customer. "Excess Margins" refers to credits in excess of Initial Margins;
(e) a Member shall call for additional margins from a Customer if at any time the Customer's Total Net Equity falls below the Maintenance Margins. Such additional margins posted should be sufficient to bring the relevant account up to the Initial Margins level within a reasonable period. Nothing herein prohibits a Member from making a call for additional margins or imposing a stricter settlement period as it sees fit.

For settlement currency denominated in Japanese Yen, 'reasonable period' in this Rule 3.3.12(e) means a period which shall not exceed three (3) Trading Days from the date that the Customer's Total Net Equity falls below the Maintenance Margins. For all other settlement currencies, it means a period which shall not exceed two (2) Trading Days from the date that the Customer's Total Net Equity falls below the Maintenance Margins;
(f) if a Member is unable to contact a Customer, a written notice sent to the Customer at the most recent address furnished by the Customer to the Member shall be deemed sufficient;
(g) in the event of a Member's failure to obtain margins from the relevant Customers as required under this Rule, a Member may take such necessary actions to rectify the deficiency as it sees fit. The Exchange may also order such Member to immediately Close Out all or such part of the positions of such Customers on its books so as to rectify the deficiency; and
(h) a Member shall comply with such requirements on the computation and monitoring of a Customer's margins as the Exchange may prescribe.

Refer to Regulatory Notice 3.3.12