Notwithstanding and without prejudice to the powers of the Appeals Committee and the Disciplinary Committee, the Exchange may suspend in whole or in part a Member's trading privileges for up to a period of one (1) year upon the occurrence of any of the following events:
(a) a Member's failure to pay any fees, levies or charges as contemplated under Rule 2.12
(b) a Member's application for Membership contains material errors or omissions or is misleading in a material respect;
(c) a Member fails to satisfy the Exchange that it meets such financial requirements, licensing, risk management or other material obligations as required under this Rules or by the Exchange from time to time; or
(d) if, in the Exchange's opinion, it is necessary or desirable to protect the financial integrity, reputation or interest of the Markets or to promote the operation of a fair, orderly and transparent market.